Automation in Textile and Garment Manufacturing Industry

The textile industry, which has been around for centuries, has made many strides thanks to the advent of automation. The term automation is defined as the use of equipment and machinery to help make production easier and more efficient.

Automation made it possible for the same tasks to be performed but with fewer hours of labor for employees. For example, inventions such as Eli Whitney’s cotton gin made it possible to separate the seeds from cotton without using manual labor. Similar inventions of automation were created with the purpose of making textile-related jobs easier to perform and with less human labor.

The very important area for Automation is the dyeing process, because it involves lot of minute parameters which are very critical. Even in milligrams variation of recipe can change the shade of the fabric. All the parameters for dyeing like temperature, pressure,water level, water flow, circulation and time of treatment are most important.

Modern technologies for textile and garment finishing based on electrical and electronics, computer programmability and smart systems show great potential for textile applications and currently aim to the achievement of important objectives such as flexibility and quality

Technological advancements have helped the application of new concepts in garment manufacturing, which includes high sewing machine speed, CAD and computer- aided manufacturing (CAM) applications, new techniques in cutting, fusing, and pressing, and application of robotics.

Automation plays a very important role than just to reduce the labor costs. Our most important aspect is to get a higher product quality.

By introducing the new technologies into the process of garment production, a substantial increase in productivity and quality of work can be achieved. Consequently, the clothing industry is being transformed from a traditional, labor-intensive industry, into a highly automated and computer-aided industry.